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Agarwood Type

Plant & Marketing for Solve the Poorness

Agarwood is in Thymelaeaceae Family, Aquilalia Species. Trunk size is medium but when it was grow up, trunk becomes bigger. The wood rather young but when have more age, wood rather hardness and get yellow color. Have beauty stripe. Easy to shell. It have straight trunk. Color rather red. Have small pimple with red,black,gray and young green on skin.


Agarwood is fast growth wood. Totally have 16 breed. In Thailand, have found About 4 type. (Recently, around the world had found about 16 breed) It was modify according to “Agarwood World Conference No.1”at Vietnam as following details,


1. Aquilaria Subintegra Found at Thailand
2. Aquilaria Crassna Found at Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
3. Aquilaria Malaccensis Found at Thailand, India, Indonesia
4. Aquilaria Apiculata Found at Philippines
5. Aquilaria Baillonil Found at Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
6. Aquilaria Baneonsis Found at Vietnam
7. Aquilaria Beccarian Found at Indonesia
8. Aquilaria Brachyantha Found at Malaysia
9. Aquilaria Cumingiana Found at Indonesia, Philippines
10. Aquilaria Filaria Found at Nuegini, China
11. Aquilaria Grandiflora Found at China
12. Aquilaria Hilata Found at Indonesia, Malaysia
13. Aquilaria Khasiana Found at India
14. Aquilaria Microcapa Found at Indonesia, Malaysia
15. Aquilaria Rostrata Found at Malaysia
16. Aquilaria Sinensis Found at China


Place of Birth and Breed type in Thailand have 4 type as following,

1. Aquilaria Subintegra

This breed has high quality and quantity oil . Fond more at East part suchas Trad, Chantaburi Province. Especially Trad Province, has this type a lot.But now have some agriculturist misunderstanding Agarwood breed, take other breed from other place to glow. It’s make Agarwood mutate and get bad quality. Now Trad province had glow Agarwood mostly in the world.(2005) and able to produce Agarwood oil with best quality in the world. This breed is fine follow environment. Able to glow at mostly land of Thailand.


2. aquilaria -Crassna Pierre e H.Lec

Has rather high quality & quantity agarwood oil. Found around Kao-Yai National Park. Nakornnayok, Prajeenburi, Nakornrachasema, Buriram, Srisakes province and around north part such as Nan, Cheangrai, Prare province and middle part such as Petchaboon, Nakornsawan and Kampangpetch province.


3. Aquilaria Malaccaensis

Has medium quality & quantity agarwood oil. Found around South part of Thailand such as Petchaburi, Prachuebkerikan, Pathaloong, Trung, Ranong, Pattani province.


4. AquilariaBaillonil

Found at North Eastern part by North and North part of Thailand which close to Myanmar and Laos.


Agarwood Aquilaria Subintegra Trad Breed.

Agarwood flower has yellow young color. Have good smell when blooming.


Agarwood Flower Comparison


Agarwood’s Fruit & Seed type of Subintegra Trad


Subintegra Trad

Crassana

Baillonil

Malaccensis


SubintegraTrad

Bilonil

Malaccensis


Agarwood Subintegra Breed Classify

Agarwood Aquilaria or Trad breed was classified by 3 class and 9 type.

SubintegraTrad

Class 1 It is Agarwood which have tiny, slender leaf and parallel line of fiber leaf at least 2 line.

Class 2 It is Agarwood which have medium, long leaf and parallel line of fiber leaf at least 2 line.

Class 3 It is Agarwood which have big leaf and parallel line of fiber leaf at least 2 line.


2.It also classified by type of trunk which have 3 class


2. Class II

Type 1
It is Agarwood which have medium, long leaf . Trunk has knotty skin by red, young red or red with black color. Thai word calls ”Kang-Kok-Deng”. This breed have the best agarwood oil quality and have big trunk. Found at Trad and Chantaburi province.

Type 2 It is Agarwood which have medium, long leaf . Have white,gray with green or white ring color around trunk. Give Agrwood oil rather high. Found at Trad and Chantaburi province.

Type 3 It is Agarwood which have medium, long leaf. Have white or gray-blue skin. Small trunk and slowly grow up. It’s not suit for business. Give high quality oil.Found at mountain area which higher sea level at least 500 M around Trad & Chantaburi province. Almost can produce agarwood oil oneself but very little Because it have small trunk.


3. Class III

Type 1
It is Agarwood which have big leaf. Parallel line of fiber leaf is delicate and frequently . Trunk have knotty skin by red, young red or red with black color. Thai word calls”Kang-Kok-Deng”. This breed have high agarwood oil quantity. Big trunk but easy to fall.

Type 2
It is Agarwood which have big leaf. Have white,gray with green or white ring color around trunk. Give Agrwood oil medium quantity. Big trunk. Found at Trad and Chantaburi province.

Type 3
It is Agarwood which have big leaf. Trunk has black, rather black color skin. Snidely skin. Very big trunk. Need to have special technical to get agarwood oil. Someone calls “Krao-Dam” breed. But when created agarwood oil, oil is full flavored. Mostly not produce oil oneself but need to have hard stimulate. Found at archipelago around Trad province such as Chang, Kood island.

Summarize: Agarwood Subintegra breed was classified by 3 classes. Each class has 9 types according to type of leaf and trunk.

New breed is “Aquilaria Trad 1” . Breed place had done in Trad province. Now is on register processing by Department of Agriculture.